Europe’s Countdown on Plastic Straws, Cups and Cotton Buds

Slowly but surely Europeans are saying goodbye to the throwaway culture, stepping up measures to meet EU guidelines on banning single-use plastics.  In a first step required of EU Member States, single-use cutlery, plates, stirring sticks, balloon holders, straws and cotton buds, as well as polystyrene cups and boxes, will no longer be in circulation by 3 July 2021. From 2029 there is a 90% collection target for plastic bottles and such bottles will have to contain at least 25% recycled content by 2025.

 

Sustainable policies also extend to tobacco manufacturers, who must cut the plastic in their cigarette filters. Fishing gear is another target, with producers of fishing nets having to pay for the cost of recovering materials lost at sea.

 

Germans claim a leading role in setting a good example and take the ban seriously, however, in contrast, the UK has pushed back the date of when its single-use plastic ban will come into effect. It had been set to start in April but the government has delayed this by six months due to the coronavirus outbreak. Ironically, many consumers are turning to single-use plastic cutlery and dishware as a ‘safer’ alternative during the global pandemic. Nevertheless, reusable dishware is safe if properly washed, so personal safety and environmental safety can go hand in hand.

Solid Waste Sector Can Benefit from the
New Sanitation Legal Framework

Entrepreneurs are optimistic trusting in a 50% growth

 

With the sanction of the new legal framework for sanitation, Brazilian municipalities will be obliged to implement a specific collection method to fund urban cleaning and urban solid waste management services. Otherwise, municipal management will be unable to receive additional federal funds for this activity.

 

This is a rule that has existed since the promulgation of the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS) in 2010, but it was never put into practice. Now, businessmen in the sector are confident with the change in the legislation and estimate that it can mean a 50% growth in this market in two years, at the same time that it should bring positive environmental impacts such as a reduction in the amount of waste generated and an increase in recycling. .

 

For SELUR - National Public Cleaning Companies Association, the market growth occurs because, with the new framework, city halls will be able to delegate the service through a concession, with public and private companies competing on an equal footing in bidding processes. In the current model, city halls provide services directly or delegate them through specific contracts. "The change will cause nearby municipalities to come together in order to formulate a regionalized solution for waste management, giving the business greater financial viability", says Marcio Matheus, president of the entity. According to him, the resources will come from a specific source, such as a fee or tariff charged directly to the population, as well as water, electricity and gas services (commonly practiced in Brazil), putting into exercise the “polluter-pays principle”, recommended by the OECD, and unlinking the activity of the general budget of the municipality.

 

This measure will also contribute to the end of the more than three thousand landfills spread throughout Brazil. According to a survey by the Brazilian Association of Waste and Effluent Treatment Companies (ABETRE), the irregular disposal of waste can be solved with the construction of around 500 regional landfills, which would serve city blocks, at an investment of R$ 2.6 billion for cities that do not yet have landfills (just over R$ 60 per capita).

 

SOURCE: Infraroi

The 6th Largest Retail Group in Brazil, Magazine Luiza
To Operate 214 Stores Only with Solar Energy

The Magazine Luiza chain, the 6th largest retail chain in the country, with R$ 18.8 Billion revenue, 20,000 employees and more than 1,100 stores across the country, signed an energy supply contract to start next year.

 

The GreenYellow distributor company will supply solar energy to 214 stores on the rental model, providing 9307.1 MWh per year. The agreement was signed in the first quarter of this year, but the expectation is that the energy will be delivered from 2021 onwards. The chain's 214 stores will then operate 100% on a sustainable energy basis.

 

The retailer's initiative is not unprecedented, according to data from June of the Brazilian Association of Photovoltaic Solar Energy (Absolar), 39.5% of the solar energy consumed in the country already has the commerce and services sector. Recently, Nike also announced that its main logistics center started to generate 80% of its own energy demand. In operation since the first quarter, the solar plant of the distribution center in Louveira (SP) generates, on average, 100 thousand kWh per month. This is the greatest potential in a logistics enterprise in the country.

In the case of Magazine Luiza, however, the chosen model was the rental model, which means that the company will not install photovoltaic panels in its store park, but instead use the energy purchased from a partner, GreenYellow, a subsidiary of the French Casino Group. The company invested more than R$ 18 million in the plants that should supply energy for the new contract. The project will include the photovoltaic plants in the cities of Coroados and Riolândia, in the State of São Paulo, and Florestópolis, in Paraná State. Together, they have 4,861 KW of installed power, enough to supply 4,200 homes or 23,825 TVs per year, for example.

 

The retailer's decision follows trends in sustainable management from a financial and

environment. “The energy rental model is interesting for companies that have other core activities. Thus, they can focus their efforts on what is most important to the business, while even saving on energy”, says the executive president of Absolar, Rodrigo Sauaia. He explains that this type of energy has become cheaper over time. The advancement of technology, the increase in the scale of production and greater competitiveness among generators are some of the reasons that make this segment more interesting from a financial point of view. "From 2010 until now, solar energy has seen its price drop 86%, according to data from Bloomberg", says Sauaia.

 

Thus, in addition to the image gain that companies have when making ads of this type, there are prospects that investing in clean energy will provide better results in retailers' accounts. “While the solar gets cheaper year after year, the electric has readjustments above inflation. In 2021, we can still see an increase in the tariff in order to compensate for the adjustment that was not made this year ”, says the president of Absolar.

 

For the coordinator of the MBA in business management at Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV),

Ricardo Teixeira, the search for clean energy is a global trend. He believes that Brazil even has the chance to become one of the great suppliers of this good in the world. This is because the country has sunshine all year round, in addition to good winds and space for wind farms. He explains that creating an image of those who care about the planet is positive for companies, as it favors customers.

 

SOURCE: Talita Nascimento / Wellington Bahnemann, O Estado de São Paulo

A Modern Sorting and Recycling Plant Will be

Launched in the Brazilian Federal Capital

Occupying a total area of 80,000m², the Federal District is delivering to the population of Brasilia in August a modern recycling complex,

composed of two CTRs - Sorting and Recycling Centers, one for plastics and the other for glass, and a Commercialization Center, which results together almost 7,000m² of built area.

 

With investments in excess of R$ 53 million, the State Department of the Environment of the Federal District, through SLU - Urban Cleaning Service, provides for the employment of 750 people, most of whom are recyclable material collectors who worked in the Structural dump before conversion to landfill.

 

The CTRs will have high-speed mills, washers, dryers, agglutinators, extruders and granulators for the recovery and recycling of these types of waste generated by the population of the country’s capital, and the delivery of this space by the Department of the Environment is very relevant, because in addition from the environmental, social and financial gain, it will increase the useful life of the Samambaia landfill, the current destination of waste in the region.

Tailored Optical Sorting Solutions to Meet Your Needs

It is safe to say that billions of people come into contact daily with the technologies that Bühler offers to meet their basic needs for food and mobility.

 

It is estimated that 2 billion people per day consume food produced in a Bühler equipment, and 1 billion people use vehicles manufactured with parts produced in their machines.

 

With all this global relevance, Bühler's is in a unique position to transform global challenges into sustainable businesses.

 

With this purpose that Bühler renews with Waste Expo Brasil 2020 and will show brand’s optical sorting equipment lines for plastic processing and recycling that demand the highest standards of purity, precision and consistent performance.

 

Check out the SORTEX and SANMAK lines between 10 and 12 November at Waste Expo Brasil 2020.

Coca-Cola Moves to Recycle 100% of its PET Packaging

Coca-Cola's main independent bottler, Coca-Cola European Partners (CCEP), is progressing on its project to use 100% recycled PET in its packaging.

 

CCEP, in partnership with CuRe Technology, aims to eliminate completely the virgin fossil-based PET from its packaging at the beginning of the next decade. This means that more than 200,000 tons of virgin PET will be replaced by rPET (high quality recycled PET) each year.

 

 

The technology consists of applying a partial depolymerization process from start to finish, allowing the low quality PET bottle, opaque and difficult to recycle, to be converted into rPET, which can be safely used for food packaging in a continuous process within the same factory.

 

The partnership through CCEP's financial support to CuRe is in line with the strategic investments already made by The Coca-Cola Company to expand depolymerization technologies and make PET's circular economy a reality.

 

Depolymerization recycling technologies are complementary to the mechanical recycling processes currently used for PET recycling. But they also have the advantage of being able to recycle the worst quality PET, which currently cannot be recycled by mechanical means. This means that the worst quality PET is not recovered now and is sent for incineration or to landfill.

 

In this sense, these depolymerization technologies will contribute to significantly increase the supply of rPET. Favoring the transition to a circular economy of PET bottles.

 

In Western Europe, Coca-Cola works to eliminate virgin fossil-based PET in the future. Specifically, the company's forecasts point to 70% of its sources of materials from mechanical recycling, 25% of recycling by depolymerization and 5% of PET from renewable sources of plants. In time, all packagins will be 100% recyclable.

The open dumps in Brazil are near the end at the same time recycling rates are expected to increase with the new sanitation legal framework

Ten years after the launch of the National Solid Waste Plan (PNRS), President Jair Bolsonaro signed on July 15th the new regulatory framework for sanitation, which establishes basic sanitation goals with investments that can exceed R$ 700 billion in ten years, stimulates private involvement, and, finally, opens the way for Brazil to close open dumps.

 

There are many laws that prohibit dumps in Brazil, but mayors have always claimed that they do not have the resources to solve the problem and carry out proper waste management in their municipalities.

 

However, the new Sanitation Law establishes new deadlines for city halls to promote the appropriate disposal of the waste and, most importantly, it provides legal instruments for managers to finance these operations, such as the creation of a specific rate for Urban Solid Waste. The intention is that the collection and handling services of MSW are equal to those of water supply and sewage treatment, with a specific fee to be charged to the waste generator citizen.

 

 

Therefore, Brazilians, that are already used to pay for the water they consume in their homes, will also need to get used to pay for the municipality to collect, treat and properly dispose the garbage they produce, since by the new Law, all municipalities until the last day of 2020, must present a plan on how they intend to collect the “MSW tax” from the city’s residents.

 

Also, by the new rule, in August 2021 the deadline for all State capitals and cities in the metropolitan areas to resolve the appropriate destination of the waste. After that, the deadline for municipalities with more than 100 thousand inhabitants will be in August of the following year. In 2023, for municipalities with a population between 50 thousand and 100 thousand. And in 2024, for those with less than 50 thousand inhabitants.

 

In other words, the almost 3,000 open-air garbage dumps that still exist in the country, polluting the air, water, soil, and attracting vectors that spread diseases, should be eradicated in 4 years with the implementation of the new Law.

 

The solid waste management market has a turnover of R$ 28 billion per year and employs almost 350 thousand people in Brazil, but the expectation with the new Sanitation Law is 50% growth in the next two years with the promise of increasing opportunities for private companies.

 

The tendency is for a series of environmental benefits to occur, mainly due to the change in the behavior of the population, such as the reduction in the amount of waste generated - since the citizen will pay for what he produces, the correct destination growth and consequent open dumps extinction, in addition to an exponential increase in all kind recycling rates.

 

According to experiences in other countries, such as the USA, and in Brazilian cities that already applied MSW taxes, such as Joinville, Curitiba and Caxias do Sul, cities started to generate 50% less waste and saw recycling increase by 40%.

 

 

Johnnie Walker to have paper bottle in 2021

Companies around the world are pursuing alternatives for more sustainable packaging, and amid these discussions, the beverage giant Diageo said whiskey Johnnie Walker will hit the market in paper bottles in early 2021.

 

The new packaging will be produced with sustainable cellulose and expected to be fully recyclable.

 

To produce these new bottles, Diageo will launch, in partnership with the Pilot Lite group, a new company called Pulpex, which will also produce packaging for Pepsico and Unilever.

 

 

SUTCO GmbH will Show Complete Systems for Waste Treatment
and Recycling at Waste Expo Brasil

Sutco RecyclingTechnik GmbH is one of the world's largest and most successful manufacturers of waste treatment and sorting systems.

 

Located in the city of Bergisch Gladbach, northern Germany, Sutco has been active in environmental protection and recycling of solid urban waste for 36 years. With extensive experience, the company has already set up more than 480 treatment and recycling plants in various countries, and has diverse expertise in mechanical and biological treatment of MSW, composting processes, selective packaging collection, industrial and commercial waste, construction waste, ash incineration and WtE – Waste to Energy.

 

 

Sutco has been stablished in Brazil since 2013 and is a confirmed exhibitor at Waste Expo Brasil 2020.

 

 

Job boost expected from $600m recycling scheme as 2024 export ban looms

Up to 10,000 new jobs are expected to be generated through an AU$ 600 million waste recycling stimulus schemes from government and industry.

 

The new funding will increase Australia's processing capacity ahead of a deadline set by the Council of Australian Governments, which agreed last August to ban exports of unprocessed waste in 2024.

 

The federal government will contribute AU$ 190 million into a fund expected to attract more than AU$ 600 million in total – with a further AU$ 190 million scheduled to come from state governments and about AU$ 200 million from the recycling industry.

 

 

The investment will go into new infrastructure to sort, process and reuse materials.

 

Federal Environment Minister Sussan Ley said the initiative would generate up to 10,000 jobs in building waste processing plants and the additional staff needed to operate them.

 

“As we cease shipping our waste overseas, the waste and recycling transformation will reshape our domestic waste industry, driving job creation and putting valuable materials back into the economy,” Ms. Ley said in comments released on Monday.

 

The imminent ban won't stop all exports but is targeted at halting shipments of dangerous materials.

 

According to a COAG statement, "the ban will ensure that any exported material is a high-value resource which is safe for human health and the environment in receiving countries".

 

Australians generate about 67 million tons of waste each year.

 

In 2018-19, 4.4 million tons of this waste was exported, including 1.4 million tons of plastic, paper, glass and tires valued at about $290 million.

 

However, in 2018 China, Australia's major export destination for waste recycling, announced a major crackdown on its volume of waste imports. Several major import nations are following its lead, with India, Taiwan, Malaysia and Thailand announcing or foreshadowing similar restrictions.

 

Australia currently recycles 12 per cent of its plastics and the rest goes into landfill.

 

The chief executive of plastic and steel recycling company Pact Group, Sanjay Dayal, said the new investment would "absolutely" generate new jobs.

 

"For every 10,000 tons of landfill there are three people involved in processing. If you convert that to recycled, processed material, you will have 10 jobs," Mr. Dayal said.

 

The coronavirus delayed the roll out of the bans, but Pact Group, which has facilities across the country, still planning to invest AU$ 120 million to expand its business, including an AU$ 40 million plant in Melbourne.

 

 

Mike Foley

The Sydney Morning Herald

Vermont Becomes the First US State to Ban Food Scraps in Trash to Eliminate Waste and Combat Climate Change

Residents and businesses in Vermont are no longer allowed to throw food scraps - things like leftovers, plate scrapings, peels, cores and seeds - into their trash cans.

 

Vermont became the first state in the nation to enact a food waste ban on July 1. According to the state's website: "If it was once part of something alive, like a plant or animal, it does not belong in the landfill." The rule applies to individuals and businesses, including restaurants and supermarkets.

 

Instead, Vermonters are encouraged to compost, feed food scraps to chickens and other livestock, isolate the waste for trash pickup, or take it to a designated drop off site.

 

Removing food scraps from the trash frees up space in landfills and is critical to fighting global warming that drives climate change, according to Anne Bijur, environmental analyst with Vermont's Department of Environmental Conservation.

 

 

"We only have one working landfill in Vermont so that landfill space is limited, and we’d like to save it for the materials that have nowhere else to go," Bijur told weather.com in a phone interview Tuesday. "When organic materials, food or plants, get into a landfill they give off methane which is a very powerful greenhouse gas, so we’re trying to reduce greenhouse gas emissions."

 

The average U.S. household wastes 31.9% of the food it buys, according to research by Penn State University published in January. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has estimated the nationwide total at about 219 pounds per person, per year. And the waste is even greater when you add in what retailers throw away. In 2010 food loss and waste totaled 31 percent of the U.S. food supply, or about 133 billion pounds at a cost of $162 billion, according to the USDA.

 

In Vermont alone, about 20% of all waste in landfills comes from food, Bijur said.

 

The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations estimates that food produced and not eaten generates about 3.3 gigatons of greenhouse gases each year worldwide. If food scraps were a country, they would be the largest producer of greenhouse gases behind the U.S. and China, according to the FAO.

 

Composting greatly lessens the impact because food decomposes in a different way in landfills. Food in composting piles is exposed to more oxygen, which blocks methane.

 

“When you’re composting at home there’s oxygen that gets into the process," Bijur said. "But when you put food scraps in a landfill they get packed down and it turns into an anaerobic process so there’s no oxygen, so chemically it changes and that’s when methane is released."

 

The food waste ban is the final phase of Vermont's universal recycling law, passed in 2012. Phasing in gave large producers like restaurants and retail outlets time to set up processes and infrastructure to comply.

 

Bijur said the rule is similar in concept to recycling plastic or glass.

 

“The food contains valuable nutrients that are good for the soil so why not keep them in our soil," she said.

 

Vermont officials hope the ban will make food producers and consumers think twice about the amount of food they let go to waste.

 

SOURCE: Jan Wesner Childs, weather.com

THE NEW LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR SANITATION IS APPROVED

After two years between dialogues and discussions, the Brazilian Senate approved on June 24 the new legal framework for sanitation in the country, establishing important mechanisms to regulate the sector and attract high investments.

 

The main goals of the Law Project 4,162/19, which now awaits presidential sanction, stipulate the supply of drinking water to 99% of the population, and 90% coverage in the collection and treatment of residual water by the end of 2033.

Such magnitudes place the legal framework as one of the main incentives to the recovery of the economy in the country after the crisis of the Corona virus, with investments between R$ 500 billion and R$ 700 billion, and the generation of about 1 million new jobs in the next five years.

 

Sanitation in Brazil is the responsibility of the municipality, however, as the vast majority of Brazilian cities have small structures and populations and do not have the financial or technical resources to implement these services, the level of investment in sanitation networks has been lagging for decades.

 

Therefore, in addition to allowing millions of people to have access to basic sanitation, implying better living conditions with more health and dignity, the new framework provides important guidelines, legal security and financial sustainability for investing companies.

 

The document also foresees adequacy in the National Solid Waste Policy, improving the guarantee of economic and financial sustainability for urban cleaning and waste management services, linking specific forms of financing to cover urban solid waste management plans.

TOMRA Recycling will present the new generation
of AUTOSORT ® at Waste Expo Brasil

June 9 marked the global launch of TOMRA Sorting Recycling advanced solutions novelties to meet the demand for a faster, more efficient, and smarter material sorting. TOMRA Sorting Recycling launched two new products that should have originally occurred at IFAT 2020, but with the event canceled due to COVID-19, TOMRA adapted its plans for the global launch digitally, nevertheless keeps the launch in Brazil during Waste Expo Brasil 2020 for the regional market. READ MORE

 

Under the theme "Symphony of all kinds", TOMRA Sorting Recycling formally launched two new products - the new generation of AUTOSORT® technology and TOMRA's AUTOSORT® SPEEDAIR and presented plans for the launch of a third novelty, AUTOSORT® CYBOT.

 

Experts from across TOMRA’s global teams delivered presentations about the latest products to approximately 1000 digital delegates world-wide, including representatives from a number of international and regional press titles.  Interactive Q&A sessions enabled delegates to find out more about the new products’ capabilities and hear about TOMRA’s predictions for the global future of sensor-based sorting.

 

Based on the positive feedback received from delegates, TOMRA Sorting anticipates high levels of interest in the most advanced model of its New generation AUTOSORT system. The highly ultra-compact versatile sensor-based sorting system can be used across a vast range of material sorting applications.  Compact, highly flexible and upgradable, AUTOSORT brings together the very latest in TOMRA’s technologies to deliver advanced accuracy of complex sorting tasks at high throughput rates. The system can be easily integrated into any existing or new sorting processes, as a great number of initial pilot projects have confirmed.

 

Being equipped with the broadest range of sensors and using data to classify objects, the machine is capable of separating materials which are difficult, or even impossible to separate using conventional technologies. Incorporated as standard in the latest AUTOSORT is TOMRA’s SHARP EYE technology which increases the light efficiency while maintaining the same energy consumption, enhances sorting sharpness and improves the separation of difficult to target fractions.

 

The unit also incorporates the latest and improved version of TOMRA’s unique and patented advanced FLYING BEAM® sensing technology which delivers a range of benefits. Better light efficiency enables higher performance at low operating costs; compact design enables flexible and easy installation; and enhanced light signal efficiency results in improved detection.

 

Thanks to the integration of SHARP EYE and FLYING BEAM® technology, AUTOSORT consistently delivers high performance in terms of sorting accuracy across all target fractions – even in the most complex of applications.

 

Optional technologies include the new DEEP LAISER which stands out for its compactness and flexible range of uses. Its object recognition enables a deeper sorting sharpness to significantly improve the performance of the sorting process. Another application area is the use of Artificial Intelligence via Deep Learning. DEEP LAISER is one of the first fully integrated Deep Learning systems on the market.

 

Fabrizio Radice, Vice President and Head of Global Sales and Marketing at TOMRA Sorting Recycling, comments: “We work very closely with our customers to ensure that our products consistently meet their demanding requirements and those of their end customers. Our New generation AUTOSORT system is an incredibly exciting development as its use of versatile sensors and intelligent software will enable it to meet the demands of a whole host of current and future sorting applications.”

 

Delegates of TOMRA’s digital launch event also found out about another new product developed by TOMRA – AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR – an additional component to TOMRA’s AUTOSORT range. AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR is a highly customizable system designed to stabilize light materials such as plastic films or paper on a highspeed conveyor, thus generating a higher throughput and enhancing sorting quality.

 

 

With industry demand resulting in the need for higher speed conveyor belts, AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR incorporates speed-controlled fan-driven air inlets that generate a constant air stream over the conveyor belt to prevent material on the conveyor belt from moving. By doubling the speed of the conveyor belts up to 6 meters per second, throughput is much higher and the output quality is consistently high. Customers benefit from a better return on investment, as well as lower installation and running costs. Additionally, as the first system on the market with no belt cover, access to the unit for maintenance is much faster and the likelihood of a material blockage is much lower compared to conventional high speed systems in the market, as is the risk of machine downtime.

 

Looking beyond the launch of the new generation AUTOSORT and AUTOSORT SPEEDAIR, the third and final product mentioned at the event was the forthcoming launch of TOMRA’s first robot, the AUTOSORT CYBOT. The system comprises a new generation AUTOSORT scanner, an electromagnetic sensor and a robot arm. Being the first robot on the market, AUTOSORT CYBOT combines Near Infrared (NIR) and Visible Light (VIS) spectroscopy, DEEP LAISER and if required, induction for ferrous and non-ferrous metals recovery. AUTOSORT CYBOT’s robotic arm is capable of simultaneously sorting material into four different streams or fractions depending on the infeed material size, color and criteria of the target fractions.

 

With sorting and recycling plants demanding even higher levels of automation than ever before, the AUTOSORT CYBOT will available soon and is another value-added component that complements the AUTOSORT range but can also operate as a standalone unit. Prior to its official launch, material tests can be carried out at TOMRA's Test Center to confirm its outstanding capabilities.

 

Valerio Sama, Vice President and Head of Product Management, adds: “The addition of a robot arm to our AUTOSORT system opens up a wealth of new opportunities for highly automated applications within the sorting process and will deliver an even higher level of quality control of recyclables such as HDPE, PET and PP.”

 

Tom Eng, SVP and Head of TOMRA Sorting Recycling, concludes: “We are delighted with how well the digital launch event went. COVID-19 has enforced new ways of working and communicating and as such we were more than happy to test out a digital launch platform for the first and probably not the last time given its success! The launch provided an opportunity to showcase our range of complementary, connected and perfectly harmonized technologies which together deliver a symphony that is capable of sorting all sorts of waste at unparalleled sorting performances and with impressive throughput and yield. Delegates had the chance to listen to the symphony – the sounds of all our machines – and were captivated by it!”

 

For more details about TOMRA’s latest products and highlights from yesterday’s digital launch event, please visit www.symphonyofallsorts.com/autosort.

 

About TOMRA Sorting Recycling

 

TOMRA Sorting Recycling designs and manufactures sensor-based sorting technologies for the global recycling and waste management industry. Over 6,000 systems have been installed in more than 100 countries worldwide.

 

Responsible for developing the world’s first high capacity Near Infrared (NIR) sensor for waste sorting applications, TOMRA Sorting Recycling remains an industry pioneer with a dedication to extracting high purity fractions from waste streams that maximize both yield and profits.

 

TOMRA Sorting Recycling is part of TOMRA Sorting Solutions which also develops sensor-based systems for sorting, peeling and process analytics for the food, mining and other industries.

TOMRA Sorting is owned by Norwegian company TOMRA Systems ASA, which is listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange. Founded in 1972, TOMRA Systems ASA has a turnover of around € 876m and employs 4,000 globally.

 

For more information on TOMRA Sorting Recycling visit www.tomra.com/recycling or follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter or Facebook.

 

Media Contacts:

Michèle Wiemer

Communications Department

TOMRA Sorting GmbH

Otto-Hahn-Str. 6; 56218

Mülheim-Kärlich, Germany

T: +49 2630 9150 453

E: Michele.Wiemer@tomra.com

W: www.tomra.com/recycling

 

 

Aerosol packaging recycling is expected to increase with new technologies

According to estimates by the Brazilian Association of Aerosols and Household Cleaning Products (ABAS), the consumption of products in aerosol containers has increased considerably in Brazil because of the practicality and the ease that this type of container represents.

If, on the one hand, the greater offer of aerosol products facilitates people's lives, on the other hand, it ends up creating a problem for the environment after consumption, especially because of the substances that are trapped inside the containers.

 

Most products available in aerosol have in their composition "volatile organic compounds" (VOC), that is, the aerosol has a high toxicity index and, mainly, flammability because of the propellant gases, which, if exposed to temperatures close to 50 ° C may explode.

 

Therefore, steel aerosol cans, which could be recycled endlessly, need machines with specific technology to recycle them. And as this equipment is not yet widely available to collectors' cooperatives and environmental agents, the recycling of aerosol products does not even reach 1% across the country, unlike aluminum drink cans, which maintain higher recycling rates. 98% a few years ago, placing Brazil as the main recycler of this type of packaging.

 

After consumption, aerosol canisters are invariably disposed of with ordinary garbage, contaminating the canisters with food scraps and other products.

 

Aerosol cans must not be disposed of with ordinary waste or even with other recyclable metals. It is appropriate to make sure that the can is empty and take it to separate collection points.

Rio de Janeiro halves the use of plastic bags

According to the latest survey by the international non-governmental organization World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Brazil is the 4th largest plastic waste generator in the world, with 11.3 million tons.

 

In despite of this high volume, the good news comes from Rio de Janeiro, where about 2 billion disposable plastic bags did not circulate in the State in 2019, representing a 50% drop compared to the previous year and a result above the law foreseen for that period, which was 40%.

 

 

Selective collection increases throughout the country

A recent review by ABRELPE - Brazilian Public Cleaning and Solid Waste Association shows a 28% increase in recyclable waste collection in different regions of the country during May.

 

The Municipality of São Paulo also registered 39% increase in selective collection in the first 23 days of June compared to the same period in 2019, even with the temporary closure of several selective delivery stations. It is believed that this result comes from the greater permanence of people at home due to social distance and the use and disposal of packaging used with online purchases and food deliveries.

 

 

Volumes Show Signs of Recovery

As many countries move into a new phase of their response to the coronavirus pandemic, scrap demand is picking up, concludes the BIR world recycling organization in its latest global market update.

 

China, Hong Kong and Taiwan are slowly returning to normal; COVID-19 cases in China have been declining sharply over the past month while no new cases have been reported in Taiwan for two weeks. Customers have also begun purchasing normally, with non-ferrous metals volumes appearing to climb 20-30% compared to the previous week.

 

The buying mood is being greatly impacted by the prospect of China’s reclassification of ‘recycled material’ which is scheduled to come into effect for brass, copper and cast aluminum alloys on July 1.

 

In the global ferrous scrap sector too, businesses are slowly returning to work and demand is picking up; the main issue at present surrounds banking in India, with delays reported in getting Letters of Credit opened.

 

From Greece, greater normality is emerging in the e-scrap sector as suppliers gradually re-start their businesses and improve the sourcing of raw materials. Exports – for example, to India – have begun to regain some of their previous impetus.

 

Uncertainty rules in plastics sector within Europe’s plastics recycling industry, there remains a feeling of uncertainty. Prices are still low owing to the oil price slump and huge stocks are overhanging the market.

 

However, there are some glimmers of hope: companies are being allowed to restart production with the cancelling of some lockdown restrictions, and demand is slowly increasing. Among those to restart is the car industry, a major consumer of recycled raw materials.

 

European plastics recyclers obviously have little idea themselves how supply – and thus the entire pricing structure – will develop in the coming weeks. In China, factories are resuming production and, as a positive sign, prices of polypropylene and styrenics have increased over the last two weeks.

 

Most export-orientated rubber clients in India resumed operations a couple of weeks ago and are now ordering as much as before the outbreak of COVID-19. On the supply side in Europe, there are emerging issues with securing enough material as several months with far fewer cars and trucks on the road have served to reduce the availability of end-of-life tyre materials.

 

Paper collection rates down as regards paper recycling, 77% of plants in France are now open and 3% are opening on appointment. Out of 18,000 employees, 10.5% are operating from home, 25% are working part-time and 7% are not working.

 

Looking to the wider picture, collections in France are down by: 20% for paper and cardboard, 37% for industrial waste, 82% for construction waste, 24% for plastics, 48% for wood and 75% for metals. Total turnover was down year on year by 39% in March and by 64% in April.

 

Across in the UK, Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced some changes to lockdown measures on May 10. Much debate and confusion have been created by the government’s decision to introduce a two-week quarantine period for people arriving at UK airports, except for those coming from the Republic of Ireland and France.

 

Meanwhile, the country’s engineering and automotive sectors should begin their return over the coming days.

 

The textiles recycling sector is still experiencing very low demand from many end markets and for all qualities, although some markets in Eastern Europe are now showing the first signs of improvement. Furthermore, some graders have restarted production or have announced that they will be doing so within the coming days, albeit at reduced volumes. Collections of used textiles in Western Europe remain below normal levels but are also increasing.

 

 

SOURCE: Recycling International

AST Ambiente has solutions for leachate treatment

AST Ambiente, a company specialized in the treatment and purification of water and liquid effluents, is about to install in Brazil another intelligent system for the treatment of leachate through Reverse Osmosis.

 

AST's new treatment plant will treat leachate - a highly polluting liquid originated from biological, chemical and physical processes of decomposition of organic waste, in a landfill in the state of Ceará, Northeast of Brazil.

 

The landfill will start producing 10 to 11 million liters of demineralized water monthly, which can be disposed of in a receiving water body or even have several uses, especially industrial, as it is ultra-pure water.

AST systems are automatic, intelligent and fully assembled inside maritime containers, which allows great mobility without losing the quality of the treatment.

 

With European technology, AST is installed in Brazil for some years and successfully operates the largest reverse osmosis slurry treatment system in the west - with an installed capacity to process 1 thousand cubic meters (m³) per day at the CTR Seropédica landfill, in the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ)

Salvador Bahia Airport
is the first airport in Brazil
to recycle 100%
of its waste

The pioneer in sustainability of the airport in the city of Salvador, Bahia state, earned the title for the achievement as the first Zero Landfill Airport in Brazil. This means that 100% of the waste generated at that airport is reused as raw material in production processes, according to the circular economy concept. The Zero Landfill brand was achieved two years ahead of schedule and integrates the goals of AirPact, VINCI Airports' global environmental strategy, the network of which the airport is part.

 

The construction of the new Solid Waste Treatment Center was one of the actions that enabled the airport to achieve the objective of being Zero Landfill, integrating the waste operational flow to optimize the recovery of all recyclable items. The Waste Treatment Center operates in such a way that all waste generated is segregated and can be incorporated into production processes, eliminating the dumping in landfills.

 

Before VINCI Airports started operating in January 2018, the Airport recycled only 1% of its waste, sending 99% to landfill. At the end of the same year, the reuse rate was 34% and, in December 2019 it reached 69%. The Concessionaire's goal was to reach 100% by 2022, but the achievement was reached in January 2020. To have an idea of the size of the achievement, in that month alone, 112.14 tons of waste were generated - equivalent to the weight of 125 small cars

Among the implemented measures for the correct waste disposal are the implementation of new bins for selective collection at the passenger terminal, waste segregation by the entire airport community at the time of generation and the coprocessing of organic materials and non-recyclables, transforming waste in energy and raw material for cement.

 

To reduce the amount of generated solid waste, Salvador Bahia Airport is implementing the “Plastic Free” Program. The objective is to involve the entire airport community, especially the food and beverage segment, to reduce plastic consumption, which includes bags, cutlery, plates, straws, bowls and napkins.

Brazil Sustains Global Leadership in Recycling Aluminum Cans

Brazil remains among the world's largest aluminum beverage cans recyclers. In 2018, 96.9% of these packages were collected and recycled. Which is means that about 26 billion units were reused that year. In exact numbers, 319,900 tons of cans were recycled out of a total of 330,300 tons sold in the same period.

 

Comparing to 2017, the consumption of aluminum beverage cans in 2018 grew 8.7% and this increase was followed by recycling, which increased 8.1%, as a result of the investment of the aluminum industry in the recycling system, implementation of collecting points throughout the country and a logistics network.

 

The high rate of reuse reveals not only the efficiency of the recycling process, but also highlights the strong decision of the industry for this sustainable practice. Studies show that the recycling process consumes only 5% of the energy that would be used to produce the same amount of primary aluminum. The Life Cycle Analysis of the can also points out that recycling reduces the emission of greenhouse gases by 95%.

Another environmental advantage of recycling is related to reducing the impact on mining. Each kilo of recycled can represents savings five kilos of bauxite, an ore that gives rise to aluminum, which is no longer extracted to produce primary aluminum.

 

In the social area, the activity is reflected in the generation of income for recyclable materials pickers, in addition to stimulating greater awareness for the society about the importance of recycling and the conservation of natural resources.

The volume of household waste collection has doubled during quarantine

The extraordinary situation we are experiencing with social isolation and the massive home working practice has significantly increased the volume of household waste across the country, requiring a logistical and operational reorganization of solid waste collecting companies.

 

Environmental agents, street sweepers and waste collection trucks that used to collect leftovers from industry, construction and demolition, restaurants, shopping and business centers, today, due to the momentary stoppage of these activities, were redirected to increase the contingent of household collection and, of course, hospital and health clinics too.

 

Even the water trucks that until the other day washed streets at the end of the public markets, today rinse entire roads with disinfectant solutions in order to reduce the proliferation of Coronavirus.

 

The provision of urban cleaning and waste collection services are essential for the protection of the environment and human health and cannot be interrupted even during this epidemic process that we are experiencing. The collection and treatment of solid waste is an indispensable and urgent service to communities, which, if not carried out, could endanger the health and safety of the population.

Mega Event will discuss the future of municipal cleaning and

 Solid Waste Management in Brazi

From 10 to 12 of November, an unprecedented mega event will be held in São Paulo focusing public cleaning, recycling and waste management and will gather businessmen, public managers, specialists, recyclers, waste generators and technicians from Brazil and other countries to discuss the latest and the most innovative solutions for the complete solid waste management.

 

SENALIMP - Public Cleaning National Seminar and Waste Expo Brasil International Forum - the two main technical meetings of the entire segment in Brasil - will be held together with Waste Expo Brasil trade show - the largest and the most significant commercial event in the country that brings together manufacturers, products and services for collection, logistics, treatment, recycling and solid waste disposal.

 

This Mega Event will promote a wide and diversified technical content with more than 70 individual presentations on reverse logistics, selective and containerized collection, effluent treatment, CDR (Fuel from Waste) production, municipal waste energy solutions, marine waste management solutions, technological resources for municipal waste management - in small, medium and large quantities, smart solutions for organic waste management and the adequate use for biogas generated in landfills, among others.

 

The Mega Event will also host the Brazilian Public Cleaning and Solid Waste Association Golden Jubilee and will celebrate the success and the expressive history of the main technical association focused on solid waste management in the country.

 

We will advise the agenda of Waste Expo Brasil International Forum and the SENALIMP content through our social networks and our website www.wasteexpo.com.br

Bring your company to Waste Expo Brasil

Waste Expo Brasil is the most complete event in the country solely focused on solid waste management, from collection to final disposal, logistics, separation, recycling, public cleaning, scrap treatment and waste to energy.

 

Our visitors are mostly large solid waste generators, public cleaning and biomass operators and concessionaires, recyclers and processors, regulatory agencies, municipal public administrators and engineers.

 

The main global brands operating in the country are exhibiting at Waste Expo Brasil. For more information, please send an enquire to info@wasteexpo.com.br

Get ready! Waste Expo Brasil 2019 will take place in less than two months

Waste Expo Brasil has been recognized as the most relevant international and the most focused solid waste management event in Brasil. The trade show brings up to date, unparalleled, free and specialized quality information. It is for no other reason that the number of exhibitors continues to grow, and each year more visitors come to learn, share knowledge, strategize and buy new equipment.

 

Waste Expo Brasil is already booked in the agenda of many companies in the sector and it is recognized as the most important meeting point for professionals across the country, from waste collection to final destination, from public cleaning to recycling, from composting to the Waste-to-Energy.

 

Waste Expo Brasil 2019 will once again bring solutions for the entire production chain, with the exhibition of machinery, equipment, vehicles, treatment plants, new solutions and technologies, from garbage generation to end disposal and energy recovery.

 

Register in your calendar, do not leave your company out of this and make your Free REGISTRATION HERE.

Well-known meeting place in the country, Waste Expo Brasil also catches the attention of businessmen and authorities from other South American countries

Waste Expo Brasil trade show is the most complete technical and commercial event in the country exclusively focused on solid waste management, recycling, scrap treatment and Waste-to-Energy.

 

Companies from nearly 20 countries will exhibit the latest high-tech machines, equipment and vehicles - the same as those currently applied in Europe, Asia and North America - to visitors from all over Brazil and South America, focused on specific solutions for waste generators, public cleaning and biomass operators, sanitation companies, recyclers and scrap processors.

 

With the registration to visit the show recently opened, we registered a significant growth not only from the Brazilian public, but also from other South American countries, confirming Waste Expo Brasil an important South American hub to spread technical content and professional services.

 

Businessmen from the South and Midwest of Brazil are the ones registering more so far, but we highlight the great interest through the pre-registration of many professionals from Argentina, Chile and Paraguay.

Extensive and Unique Technical Content

Every year Waste Expo Brasil prepares a wide, diverse and dynamic technical content to be offered to the International Forum attendees. This year, there will be more than 40 lectures, delivered by experts, instructors, entrepreneurs, authorities and profound connoisseurs - local and international - that will split among nine thematic panels.

In addition to the extensive content from the Forum, we will also have important sectoral associations that will properly present relevant issues to the adequate waste management, public cleaning, urban sanitation, recycling and waste-to-energy.

 

The Brazilian Public Cleaning and Solid Waste Association - ABLP will address with two different lectures, the well-known “SENALIMP - Public Cleaning Annual Seminar” and the “Technical Lecture for Setting up and Operate Sanitary Landfills”, both lasting three days.

 

INESFA and SINDINESFA, the leading associations in the country to work in behalf for the Non-Ferrous Scrap, Iron and Steel operators, will jointly promote their annual “National Scrap Seminar”.

 

ANAP – National Paper Recyclers Association, ABIPLAST - Brazilian Plastic Industry Association and ABREN - Waste to Energy Brazilian Association are other important associations that will also organize thematic Panels of their segments.

 

Save the date and get ready to discuss with experts and authorities from several areas of waste management.

 

We will announce shortly the technical agenda to our data base and the website www.wasteexpo.com.br

Automotive Recycling

Automotive recycling has advanced in Brazil but is far from ideal. Although the country has doubled the recycling volume of old and wrecked cars in the last decade, it is reusing only 1.5% of rotting bodies and rusted parts abandoned across the country, according to SINDINESFA - Iron and Steel Scrap Processors Association. It is a negligible fraction and the lowest among the most developed economies.

 

In Argentina, Japan and the United States, for example, the recycling rate ranges from 80% to 95%. In Denmark, Sweden and Norway, it is 100%.

Indian Government, through its Ministry of Environment, is focused to set up an ambitious plan;

a network of 20 automotive recycling centers across the country in the next three years, estimating that there will be more than 21 million end-of-life cars by 2025.

 

Brazil has 35 million cars in circulation, with more than half approaching retirement with 15 years of use. The gradual increase of the old national fleet recommends urgent measures as to the proper destination and remediation of the damage caused. Automotive scrap does not only suggest financial benefits but provides environmental protection. Proper car disassembly and adequate parts disposal reduce the risk of eminent soil and water contamination.

 

Guidelines and official regulations for disassembly and the use of recycled spare parts would be a fuel for the national economy. Discreetly, some initiatives are beginning to emerge in this sense, where certain insurers, for example, already offer cheaper policies, provided they use remanufactured or reused parts from companies registered in the National Traffic System from The National Traffic Department. Besides the financial incentive, it is an opportunity for second-life use, reuse, reduce and recycle, improving the quality of life, generating income and jobs.

Is Styrofoam Recyclable?

Most people believe that Styrofoam is a toxic and non-recyclable material, which is just a myth. EPS, or Styrofoam, is produced from 2% of a petroleum-derived polymer and 98% of air, being part of plastics family.

The major challenges of Styrofoam recycling lie in the incorrect manner of disposal, the difficulty of transportation and the few collection sites. According to data from the Institute of Economic and Applied Research, only 18% of Brazilian municipalities have selective collection and, consequently, incorrect disposal makes reuse impossible.

 

Styrofoam can be disposed in the red plastic bins, but the packaging must be clean. It is important to sanitize any kind of discarded material, not only Styrofoam, in this case, since many selective collections do not have employees for this type of service and dirty packaging, with food leftovers or other types of packaging fragments make recycling impossible.

 

Styrofoam can be recycled in three ways: mechanical recycling transforms the product into raw material for new products; Energy recycling uses polystyrene for energy recovery and chemical recycling reuses plastic to produce gases and oils.

 

The most common recycling process in Brazil is the mechanical mode, where Styrofoam is milled to small balls, heated and melted, resulting in a mass that can become shoe soles, paper clips, boxes and toys.

Nothing to Celebrate on the Nine-Year Anniversary of the
Brazilian National Solid Waste Policy

Nine years after the approval of the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS), Brazil was unable to meet any waste management targets. In some topics, the country even goes in the opposite direction of the stablished guidelines.

 

In these nine years the news are not favorable and shows a lack of control from inspection agencies, unpreparedness of public agents and, unfortunately, knowledge nonexistence and total disrespect to the environment by the citizens.

More recent data indicate that despite the country's financial crisis in recent years, waste generation in the country increased by 28% between 2010 and 2017, the national average recycling rate was practically stagnant at 3%, the country still holding 3,000 open dumps that should have been extinguished by the end of 2014, and 9% of the waste produced in Brazil is not even collected by the regular collection system, sent to open dumps, watercourses, rivers and oceans.

 

The reasons given by experts for the PNRS failure range from the financial shortage of municipalities to the lack of articulation between municipalities, states and the federation.

 

The Urban Sustainability Index (ISLU), published by the National Trade Union of Urban Cleaning Companies (Selurb) and the PwC Brasil consultancy, shows a kind gulf between the cities that charge fees for waste management and those that depend only on their own budget. Almost 80% of the municipalities that have specific garbage collection use landfills. Among the cities that do not fees for waste collection service, only 35% are in good standing.

 

Experts estimate that the financial loss from the lack of recycling of what goes to landfills and dumps is estimated at between R$ 8 billion and R$ 10 billion per year. Another R$ 5 billion are spent with environmental recovery measures and health treatments for problems caused by irregular waste disposal.

The Waste Disposal Around the World

Although the selective collection, reverse logistics and the adequate solid waste disposal did not happen yet in a consistently way all over Brazil, some countries are worldwide recognized for their commitment to sustainability, by increasing their recycling rates and reducing waste production in an effective way.

 

Germany leads the world ranking with sustainable initiatives and recycles about 64% of all its solid waste. There are specific containers for waste collection in every single city, with programmed collection. In addition, non-compliance from residents generates high penalties, from individuals to large generators.

 

South Korea has implemented the "3Rs": reduce, reuse and recycle. The population reuses the containers as much as possible to avoid discarding it, since there is a payable tax based on the waste discarded and collected.

The goal adopted by Austria is to recycle 50% of all household waste by 2020. The country has the assistance and the commitment of the population that suggests solutions to improve recycling.

 

In Sweden, waste management is a national priority. Proof of this is their waste recycling system, so efficient that imports solid waste from other European countries to either treat that in their recycling plants or to generate energy for the local industry. Another example that impresses is the Envac system, where municipalities provide dumps connected to a network of underground pipes that direct the waste to a selective collection area, avoiding collecting vehicles traffic and unnecessary Co2 emission.

 

In Japan, there are national and regional laws that encourage selective collection and recycling, as well as investment in technologies to recycle solid waste. There are recycling factories for home appliances in almost every city that disassemble WEEE piece by piece. PET bottles are made from recycled resins, which means a 90% reduction in the use of new plastics.

 

The US city of San Francisco set a goal in 1989 to zero landfills by 2020. It was the first city in the country to ban the distribution of plastic bags in commerce, and the precursor to implement programs and recycling and composting incentives. In the early 1990s, residents of San Francisco who made composting would have discounts in the municipal garbage tax.

 

Contrary to so many successful examples, countries in Latin America and Africa still face barriers in the management of urban waste in a conscious and effective way. Most countries in these continents move horizontally to recycling and with waste-to-energy, but remain with high rates of generation and inadequate disposal.

Waste Expo Brasil 2019 is just around the corner!

The Waste Expo Brasil 2019 and Forum are considered the most significant and complete events in the country solely dedicated to the urban solid waste management, public cleaning, recycling, scrap treatment and waste to energy.

Global and important manufacturers of machinery, equipment and vehicles will exhibit their products, technologies and solutions in the show.

 

Who visits Waste Expo Brasil? Solid waste and biomass generators, recyclers, public cleaning operators and dealers, scrap processors, regulation agencies, public administrators and engineers, from all over Brazil and several other countries, will find what is currently available in the global market.

 

The extensive and dynamic technical content is an attraction apart, with a duration of three days and in parallel to the show through “Waste Expo Brasil Forum”, will have sector panels of important entities:

 

ABIPLAST - Brazilian Association of the Plastic Industry

ABLP - Brazilian Association of Solid Waste and Public Cleaning

ABREN - Brazilian Association for Waste to Energy

ANAP - National Association of Paper Recyclers

INESFA - National Non-Ferrous Iron and Steel Scrap Institute

 

ABLP, the main technical entity of the sector, will also carry out the SENALIMP - National Seminar on Public Cleaning, which is recognized as the most important sector event promoted in the country, and the Technical Course for the Implantation and Operation of Landfills.

 

Do not miss out on the main industry event in the Brasil! Schedule it and get ready!

Are you going to recycle? Do it in the Right Way!

If you separate your trash but do not clean the containers before you discard them, you better stop now!

 

Dirty recyclable waste will not be recycled and will invariably end up in landfills. Many people separate the 4 major waste categories; paper, plastic, metals and glass, but throw them into the dumpsters with no clue that a "contaminated" recipient with leftover food or mixed with other non-recyclable material will make recycling unfeasible. In this case, the person who made the separation just wasted his time because the material will most likely end up in a landfill.

Who has not seen a smoker using an aluminum can as an ashtray? Or someone, who plays with a bottle of water, takes out its label and throws it inside? Unbelievable, but the cigarette butt, in the case of the can and the paper label in the case of the bottle of glass or PET makes it impossible to recycle. Uncleaned yogurt pots? They will also not be recycled. Fast food wrapping-box with ketchup drops or a glass jar with a little bit of tomato extract? No way!

 

Do you want to recycle? Do it the right way! Without wasting water, but with a conscious way, take the excess food out of the container before throwing it out.

 

Coffee cups: Most cups cannot be recycled, at least not currently. This is mainly due to the plastic coating around the paper cup, which is difficult to break.

 

Plastic Packaging: While it is tempting to throw away your stained box of non-rinsed gravy or that yogurt pot with strawberry debris, the residue may leak into other materials in the bin. So, apart from discarding wrong, you will contaminate the trash from those who disposed off properly. Always wash your plastics before putting them in the bin.

 

Toothpaste and toothbrushes: Toothpaste tubes are composed of a plastic component, making them difficult to break. The toothbrush itself is plastic and is difficult to recycle. Switching to a bamboo toothbrush means that less disposable plastic goes to the floor.

Ireland Leads WEEE Recycling

The quantity of e-waste produced globally has being growing every year and it is for a long time a major threat for the environment. According to data released by the United Nations (UN), in 2016, 44.7 million metric tons of electronic waste were generated globally, representing an increase of 8% compared to 2014. The grow production estimative is 4% each year, reaching 52.2 million metric tons by 2021 alone.

 

Some nations have already implemented public policies to increase the recycling of these types of materials. Europe accounted for 12.5 million metric tons of e-waste produced in 2016 and recycled 35% of that total. The United States produced 6.2 million metric tons and recycled 25% of that amount. Also, in 2016 Brazil produced 1.5 million tons and reused only 4% of that.

 

The Brazilian short recycling rates of electronics is mainly due to the lack of population awareness, as well as the absence of public policies by not encouraging the selective collection and implementing eco-collecting points, and, the excessive delay in putting into practice the sectoral reverse logistics, promulgated in 2010 and in force since August 2014 in the National Solid Waste Policy.

 

The country that most recycles e-waste nowadays is Ireland, with 36,131 tons of electronics and 856 tons of batteries recycled in 2018.

 

Among the most recycled items in that country are 3.2 million lamps, 195,000 televisions and monitors and 13 million portable electronic units. Large appliances, such as washing machines, got 48% of all electronic scrap.

 

As a result, recycling of electronics in Ireland has reached the equivalent of 10.2 kg of electronic material per citizen, and is again the best index in Europe, says Leo Donovan, CEO of Ireland WEEE. He adds that it is "incredible" to see 83% of the material collected back into the production chain.

The World's Largest Garbage Mountain

is in India and will Exceeds the Taj Mahal by 2020

A landfill near New Delhi has already passed 65 meters high and can surpass one of the main tourist sights of the country, the Taj Mahal, built in 1633 and considered one of the seven wonders of the modern world. The work is the main tourist spot of India and one of the highest, at 73 meters high.

 

But it appears that the monument will be surpassed next year by a mountain of junk that will not stop growing around New Delhi, the capital of India. The landfill of Ghazipur (which has no landfill at all) currently has about 65 meters and does not stop receiving between 2,000 and 2,500 tons of waste every day.

 

Called 'Mount Everest' by the region's residents, the Indian garbage mountain is so large that it should soon receive aviation signaling lights, such as those on the tops of large city buildings. By next year, it is expected to reach 73 meters high and overtake the giant and iconic Indian mausoleum.

Latest News about Brazilian Marine Pollution

Plastic materials and cigarette butts represent more than 90% of the waste found in the Brazilian marine environment. The residues corresponded to 52.4% and 40.4%, respectively, of the number of objects collected in the coast of Santos city, in São Paulo State.

 

International data shows that, plastic containers are also the most common polluting trash found in marine environments (45.5%), followed by cigarette butts and filters (28%).

 

A recently released study also shows that the areas of irregular occupation, drainage systems and beachfront areas are the main sources of garbage dump into the sea.

 

In Brazil, there are 274 coastal municipalities that can contribute with marine pollution, through garbage discarded inappropriately on streets, left in no-controlled dumps and even in preservation areas.

 

Source: ABRELPE

Brazilian Federal Government launches the “Zero Waste Program”

The Brazilian Federal Government recently published a new Law from the Ministry of the Environment, which approves a nationwide “Zero Waste Program”, strengthening an integrated management and focusing on separation, recycling, reverse logistics, energy recovery and environmentally adequate destination.

 

Since 2010, the Municipalities National Confederation (CNM) is asking the Federal Government for solid programs to provide financial and technical support. In order to comply with the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS), the Union and the states, as well as the private sector, must become protagonists in the implementation of the law.

 

 

The National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS) assigned obligations to the Union, the States, the Municipalities, the industry sectors and society itself. After almost nine years, the legislation required the implementation of solid waste management and management plans, selective collection, composting, recycling and final disposal in waste landfills only. However, any of the 5,530 municipalities were able to meet 100%.

 

Eliminating landfills is still one of the biggest challenges for public power. For this reason, the CNM praises the initiative of the Ministry of the Environment to launch the Zero Waste Program. Although, CNM awaits the Ministry to understand how the Municipalities will receive technical and financial support to close the dumps and landfills in 2019. CNM's concern is with municipal’s consortium support, which is expected to come into force by 2020.

 

Source: Professor Resíduo

Six Months To Go for Waste Expo Brasil: The main and most significant commercial event in the country solely focused on Integrated Solid Waste Management.

With a little bit more than six months to go, Waste Expo Brasil has shown a great interest from new companies, both national and foreigners, which is already resulting in a much larger exhibition area than the last edition, with greater diversification of equipment, more machines and technologies that will be available for the visitors.

 

The renewal of the economy, the new market outlook, the consumption growth, consequently, the waste generation increase, are encouraging companies to invest in publicity and to show off their services and products.

Another determining factor for Waste Expo Brasil growth was the partnerships with active and respected nationwide associations and class entities, since they are moving their seminars into the event, making the technical content more robust and horizontal.

 

Waste Expo Brasil 2019 is considered the most significant and complete commercial event in the country, exclusively dedicated to solid waste management, recycling, scrap treatment and Waste-to-Energy.

 

The visitors are qualified and, being in most part, public and private managers with decision power. Large solid waste generators, public and biomass cleanup operators and dealers, scrap recyclers and processors, federal agencies and regulators, buyers and engineers from all over the country are scheduled to visit Waste Expo Brasil to look for news, trends and opportunities.

 

The content of the Waste Expo Brasil International Forum is a full, great and separate attraction. Through 15 Thematic Panels, the Forum will bring updated and even unpublished information on different subjects. This year, the novelty is due to the Curatorship of class associations throughout the country, which, together, will offer to the public exclusive information to be unveiled during the event.

 

"Incontestably the best place today to do business and find relevant and well-known people in the industry. We can find anything here, what is modern and related to solid waste management, from A to Z ". Dr. João Gianesi, President of ABLP - Brazilian Association of Solid Waste and Public Cleaning.

International Recycling Day

RECYCLING - The act or effect of recovering the useful part of the waste and reintroducing it into the production cycle from where it came.

 

Each year we produce billions of tons of waste that can be processed, recycled and reused. At some point there will be shortages of natural resources, and so we must rethink what we throw away as rubbish.

 

Recycling (whether industrial or household) saves more CO2 emissions each year than those generated by the entire aviation industry, while simultaneously protecting the earth’s valuable natural resources.

 

International Recycling Day was launched by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and it is celebrated on May 17. It is a date to better reflect on environmental issues and consumption.

 

 

Chemical Engineer Invented a New Kind of Plastic That Biodegrades in Water

The problem of plastic pollution has been piling up for decades and finding ways to solve it has become an issue of top priority. About 300 million tons of plastic are produced around the globe every year, and half of these are single-use items that are only used once, but stay in nature for hundreds of years.

 

We all use plastic items in our everyday life, and now it’s probably impossible to imagine life without them. However, conventional plastic is not eco-friendly and when thrown away it can stay in nature for decades and even centuries posing a threat for both animals and people.

 

According to experts, the average time to biodegrade is 50 years for plastic cups, 200 years for straws, and 450 years for plastic bottles.

 

Sharon Barak, a chemical engineer from Israel, quit a plastic manufacturing company where she used to work to help the world fight pollution.

 

Sharon and her team spent a lot of time mixing a lot of different components, until they finally found the right formula. The “fake” plastic Sharon invented consists of 100% eco-friendly materials that easily dissolve in water and become part of nature.

 

The product is so safe and natural, that you can even drink its water solution. If a bag made of this product accidentally gets into the ocean, it will become part of it in just a few minutes, posing no threat to sea animals, unlike an ordinary plastic bag.

 

Additionally, this invention doesn’t need to be recycled. When you finish using the item made with the new compost you can simply throw it down the drain.

 

 

Brazil does not sign the Global Agreement to deal with plastic waste

Brazil decided not to be part of the international agreement to limit the world volume of plastic waste, which, however, was signed by another 187 nations. Like the United States, Brazil opposed the initiative set by United Nations during a two-week conference on dangerous products, held in Geneva, Switzerland.

 

Because the plastic waste is poorly managed by several nations, much of the plastic garbage will stop every year in the seas, impacting the marine biodiversity. It is estimated that by 2050 the volume of plastic should exceed the quantity of fish in the world's waters.

 

The initiative proposed by the UN aims to reduce from 2020 the amount of waste plastics difficult to recycle sent to poor nations. This means that countries exporting products in plastic packaging will need the consent from the importing countries when it comes to contaminated, mixed or non-recyclable plastic garbage - which is not the case nowadays.

Brazil is the 4th largest plastic producer in the planet, but recycles only 1.28% of this total. A well below mark of the global plastic recycling average, of 9%.

 

According to a UN statement, the measure should make global trade in plastic waste "more transparent and better regulated" and at the same time ensure that the process is "safer for human health and the environment."

 

China was the world's largest importer of plastic scrap until 2018, when stopped accepting this trade, leaving thousands of tons of plastic waste in limbo. This deciscion has led to a series of similar laws in other Southeast Asian countries, including Vietnam and Malaysia, which were overwhelmed with the waste after China's ban.

 

 

The future of the Water Sanitation in Brazil

The Provisional Measure 868, which amends the Brazilian Legal Framework for Sanitation, that sets guidelines for the implementation of new basic sanitation law in the cities is moving fast in Congress.

 

Besides government, businessmen and multinationals who work with sanitation are proponents of the new rules and argue that the state is not giving the necessary investments.

 

Greater openness to private capital may, according to critics, lead to higher rates for the population, since private companies do not enjoy the same privileges as public companies when making a loan and do not have to fulfill a certain social function.

 

How sanitation works today in Brazil:

 

The implementation of basic sanitation in the country is governed by Law 11,445 of 2007. The Article II establishes that sanitation is the set of operational services for drinking water supply:

  1. Sanitary sewage, involving collection, transportation, treatment and final disposal in the environment;
  2. Urban cleaning and solid waste management;
  3. Drainage and management of urban rainwater.

 

The responsibilities of the Basic Sanitation service are of the municipalities, and these have three possibilities to manage these activities:

 

  1. Direct public administration, when the municipality is in charge of providing sanitation services;
  2. Program contracts, an instrument used by the municipality to contract state-owned companies to carry out the sanitation service;
  3. Bidding for contracting private companies.

 

There is no doubt that privatizations generate better, more agile and competent services. Like the Brazilian highways already privatized, there will also be no questioning if tariffs increase reasonably, provided that the users of the services obtain quality services.

 

However, experts caution that smaller cities may not be adequately served because they are not economically attractive, and it will be incumbent upon the National Congress to include legal provisions to protect small municipalities.

 

Either way, improvements are in sight.

 

 

Project START UP Waste Management

Waste Expo Brasil opens space for emerging companies whose objective is to develop or improve business models focused on solid waste management, recycling and waste treatment.

 

Companies stablished in January 2016 and after, that still under development, have exclusive commercial conditions at Waste Expo Brasil to exhibit their project in the main trade show of the country focused on solid waste management.

 

More information through www.wasteexpo.com.br or info@wasteexpo.com.br

 

 

Collecting Great Partnerships

Waste Expo Brasil pursues the proposal for connecting the productive chain in all different segments in Solid Waste Management, connecting at the same time and in the same place, solid waste generators, public cleaning and biomass operators and concessionaires, recyclers, federal agencies and regulatory bureaus, public administrators, engineers and environmentalists.

 

Class associations have a fundamental role in this initiative, since it is through the associations that companies and entrepreneurs organize and train themselves.

The ABLP: Solid Waste and Public Cleaning Brazilian Association, INESFA: Non-Ferrous, Iron and Steel Scrap National Institute and SINDINESFA: Processors of Iron, Steel and Scrap Union, renew the partnership with Waste Expo Brasil and will attend the trade show and the International Forum with their specific Thematic Panels.

 

ABLP has been training professionals with technical quality for almost half a century, helping companies in the industry and public managers throughout the country identify opportunities and comply with industry regulations.

 

INESFA and SINDINESFA represent and defend with greatness and attention the interests of metal scrap processors.

 

Stay tune for the contents of the Thematic Panels that the ABLP, INESFA and SINDINESFA will promote.

Organic Waste: Problem or Part of the Solution?

Brazil produces about 37 million tons of organic waste annually with economic potential to turn this in to fuel gas, energy and fertilizer. However, only 1% of what is discarded is reused in some way.

 

Untreated organic waste will end in landfills or at some open dumps, generating methane gas (CH4) during its decomposition, which is highly flammable, harmful to humans, and dangerous to the environment by directly reaching the ozone layer.

 

One of the most traditional recovering process is by composting, where fungus and bacteria turn the solid waste into nutrient-rich fertilizer.

 

The president of AMLURB, municipal department responsible for waste management and public cleaning in São Paulo city, Mr. Edson Tomaz, says that the city's plan is to increase composting capacity, from 5 to 11 treatment plants by the end of 2019.

 

Private initiatives are also being engaged to bring a new outlook to organic waste treatment. Entrepreneurs Leandro Toledano from Homebiogás, Camilo Terranova from Impacto Energia and Eduardo Prates from Eco Circuito met each other recently for sharing the same business motivation, which is to market solutions to treat organic waste.

 

These three entrepreneurs tracked success cases from other countries that could be used in Brazil. Today, Toledano, Terranova and Prates import composting equipment, with different technologies and for varied applications, capable of transforming organic waste from an industrial kitchen into a fertilizer in a few hours or generating fuel gas from the remains of a small family single meal.

 

Get to know better these 3 technologies already available in Brazil:

 

Eco Circuito: https://www.ecocircuito.com.br

Homebiogás: https://homebiogas.com.br

Impacto Energia: https://www.impactoenergia.com.br

Automotive Industry to Use Recycled Aluminum Very Soon!

A UK-Dutch research partnership is trying to develop ‘high-strength’ aluminum alloys produced from 100% recycled metals.

 

The Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology in the UK has established a special project aimed at boosting recycled aluminum content in the automotive sector. Specifically, researchers are investigating how to enhance the performance of recycled aluminum alloys in lightweight vehicles.

 

The UK specialists have joined forces with aluminum products manufacturer Constellium, based in the Netherlands. Together, the R&D crew hopes to find a way to create ‘a new generation’ of automotive grade alloys sourced entirely from recycled metals.

 

Aluminum alloys are known for their incredible low density, high strength, and high corrosion resistance, remarks Professor Zhongyun Fan, who leads the project. These benefits have seen aluminum’s popularity sky-rocket in the transport industry in recent years.

He estimates that over one billion tons of aluminum has been produced since the early 1900s. However, aluminum production consumes 3.5% of the world’s electricity supply, while producing 1% of global carbon dioxide emissions.

 

Professor Fan says the Strain Enhanced Precipitation (STEP) project will develop alloys with “ultra-high strength”, meaning they are twice as strong as existing aluminum alloys. Also, the recycled alloys will have significantly improved ductility as well as high crashworthiness and high thermal conductivity.

 

SOURCE: Recycling International Magazine

 

 

Brazil will receive the first power generation station through undesirable residues.

Waste and sewage will be the raw material for a biogas generation plant in Paraná State, converting these materials into electricity that will supply the county's households.

 

With the concession by the Environmental Institute of Paraná to the company CS BIOENERGIA, the biogas plant, when fully operational, will produce about 2.8 megawatts of electricity, supplying enough energy for two thousand homes in Paraná, or 10,000 people.

 

For energy production, trucks will be responsible for transporting tons of raw sewage and trash to the plant every month, in addition to biogas, biofertilizer needed for conversion.

 

The debris will be diverted from sewage treatment plants and landfills in the region.

 

According to CS Bioenergia, the estimate is 1000 m³ of sewage sludge and 300 tons of organic waste from the landfills are diverted.

 

Brazil implements a technology widely used and common in Europe: the production of biogas from the so-called biodigestion. There, already there are 14 thousand of these plants. 8,000 plants in Germany alone.

 

The Brazilian potential for biogas generation is enormous. Currently, the component has a small share in our energy matrix when compared to other energy sources.

Biofuels and biomass (such as sugarcane bagasse) account for 9% of the energy generated here.

 

SOURCE: Professor Residuo

WASTE EXPO BRASIL 2019

Waste Expo Brasil reaffirms its position and commitment in connecting the companies and development agencies that work in favor of the environment through the correct and adequate solid waste management.

 

The single trade show in the country focused on the complete waste management moved to a new venue to meet the growing and promising demands of the sector. Waste Expo Brasil 2019, that had already confirmed the attendance of leading companies, will have a larger exhibition area with more stands and more exhibitors, and will take place at Expo Center Norte from November 12 to 14.

 

Manufacturers of machinery, vehicles, equipment, implements, integrators and specialized service providers will exhibit their catalogs to hundreds of qualified visitors, focused on finding suited solutions to their demands.

 

Waste generators, public cleaning companies and biomass operators, scrap recyclers and processors, federal agencies and regulators, municipal public administrators, engineers and environmentalists across the country already know that Waste Expo Brasil is a complete event , with deep high level technical content, available through its International Forum that will take place in parallel to the Fair.

 

 

Bring your company to the only large-scale trade event in the country with a focus on Integrated Solid Waste Management. More information through info@wasteexpo.com.br, www.wasteexpo.com.br  or (+5511) 2611-0800.

TOP RECYCLERS IN THE WORLD

With 65% of the municipal waste in Germany being recycled or composted, the country serves as an inspiration to others.

 

Another report recently printed by OCDE - Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, delivered the top recycling countries in the world.

 

Germany is the best waste recycler country in the world according to OECD, with an inspirational 65% of its municipal waste is either recycled or composted. A solid public education informes residents how to identify what is trash, compost, or recycling, so the bulk of the work is done by the individual household. Residents are also required to pay more for higher use of packaging which has led to an overall reduction in use and increased participation in recycling and composting measures.

 

South Korea is the second highest recycler of municipal solid waste. This country has invested 2% of its GDP into a Green Growth program. This investment coupled with public incentives and enforcement measures has led South Korea to achieve a 59% recycling and composting rate. They have similar programs as Germany

where the waste producer pays per volume of waste produced. This rule incentivizes the local community to create less waste and separate recycling from trash.

 

Slovenia and Austria are sharing the number 3 on the list of top recyclers. Both countries manage to recycle or compost 58% of municipal solid waste. Although, Slovenia has had the most rapid improvement in its waste programs. This improvement has been aided by the Zero Waste initiative. The lack of garbage incinerators here has really helped increase recycling as well. In Austria, another European Union (EU) member, the local government has really committed to the years old EU goal of increasing recycling to 50% by 2020. Austria has seen that goal and surpassed it. Recycling plastic here has become the law, and 80% of the glass used is either recycled or reused.

 

Other countries on the list of top recyclers all belong to the EU and include: Belgium (55%), Switzerland (51%), Sweden (50%), Netherlands (50%), Luxembourg (48%), Iceland (45%), Denmark (44%), and the United Kingdom (43%).

 

By converting what some consider trash into reusable items, recycling helps to reduce the demand for new resources like wood and minerals, energy use, air and water contamination. By recycling, the pollution produced from manufacturing new products is greatly reduced. In fact, this is a critical factor in cutting the emissions that lead to the greenhouse effect and global climate change. Another benefit is that increasing recycling and composting also helps to create new jobs in those industries. In the world today, where natural resources are being depleted at alarming rates, the benefits of recycling and composting cannot be overstated. The dedication of these countries is something that other governments should aspire to achieve.

 

 

SOURCE: OCDE - Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. The OECD is an intergovernmental economic organization with 36 country-members, created in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS THE INPRECESSIVE PLASTIC RECYCLING IN BRAZIL

Brazil is the 4th largest producer of plastic waste in the world, behind only the United States, China and India, but recycles only 1.28% of total recycled output. The United States, China and India recycle 34.6%, 21.9% and 5.7% respectively.

Among the largest producers of plastic waste on the planet, Brazil is the least recycled, behind countries like Yemen and Syria, and well below the world average of 9%.

 

According to the World Bank data, more than 2.4 million tons of plastic waste are irregularly disposed, without any type of treatment, in open dumps. Another 7.7 million tones are sent to landfills. Another downside registers that an additional 1 million tons are not even collected by the collection systems.

 

Plastic pollution affects the air quality, soil and water supply systems, since the material absorbs various toxins and can take up to 100 years to decompose in nature.

 

The barriers in Brazil for a higher recycling rate and correct disposal of garbage are numerous and go through different factors, such as the lack of structure to make large-scale selective collection and the issue of environmental education to separate garbage.

 

The unpublished data from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) study will be presented at the United Nations Environment Assembly, to be held in Nairobi, Kenya, March 11-15.

Check some facts:

• Brazil produces 11,355,220 million tons of plastic waste per year

• Each Brazilian produce 1 kg of plastic waste per week

• Only 145,043 tons of plastic waste are recycled

• 2.4 million tons of plastic are disposed of irregularly

• 7.7 million tons are in landfills

• More than 1 million tons are not even collected in the country

 

 

SOURCE: World Wildlife Fund - WWF

GREENPEACE REVEALS THE TOP 5 ‘WORST POLLUTING COMPANIES’

Over 75% of the 10,000 liters of waste collected during a three-month-long Greenpeace clean-up project was plastic. Almost 65% of branded materials salvaged from North American shores came from the Coca-Cola Company, PepsiCo, and Nestlé.

 

Around the globe, 239 individual clean-up missions and brand audits undertaken in 42 countries on six continents helped Greenpeace create a detailed ‘waste map’ of ocean litter. This global snapshot reveals that candy wrappers were the most common item found, followed by polyethylene bottles, throw-away beverage cups, bottle caps and single-use shopping bags.

 

The ‘worst offenders’

 

Globally, the top five ‘worst polluting companies’ were identified; the Coca-Cola Company was named as the top polluter, followed by PepsiCo., Nestlé, Danone, and Mondelez International. In North America, the ‘worst offenders’ are Nestlé, Tim Hortons, PepsiCo, the Coca-Cola Company and McDonald’s.

 

Greenpeace urges that plastic lined coffee and other beverage cups were the third most common type of plastic item found, with Tim Hortons, McDonald’s and Starbucks being the main contributors. Starbucks ranked 7th on the branded waste list.

 

What can be done?

 

Nestlé has responded to the ranking by saying that ‘the real problem’ is improper disposal of recyclables. The company argues that the ’

results ‘demonstrate a clear and pressing need for the development of proper infrastructure to manage waste effectively around the world.

The brand added that it striving to make 100% of its packaging reusable or recyclable by 2025. Nestlé says it is also exploring packaging solutions with its industry partners to reduce plastic usage and develop new approaches to eliminating plastic waste.

 

Similarly, PepsiCo comments that it wants all its packaging to be recyclable, compostable or biodegradable by 2025, and is also trying to boost recycling rates and reduce packaging.

 

SOURCE: GREENPEACE

HOW THE FOX WILL TAKE CARE THE GOLDEN EGGS CHICKEN?

Waste Expo Brasil team members want to express our deepest concern about the announcement for the unification of Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture. These two ministries have often been on opposite sides throughout the history defending different interests.

 

While one of them worked to reduce forest reserves to expend livestock and agribusiness limits, the other one, was struggling for the conservation of biomes, fauna and flora. While one of them was forward to expanding the use of agrochemicals and pesticides, the other one, was working to revert environmental damage caused by mining companies, clandestine loggers, predatory hunting and fishing.

 

We are not in service to a political party of any kind and reiterate that Waste Expo Brasil is a technical and commercial event that seeks to disseminate sustainable practices for solid waste management and for the universalization of basic sanitation, and therefore, our only interest is for the Environment of our country and our planet.

 

In June, a data released by the Brazilian Environment Ministry indicated that the devastation of the Cerrado, the Brazilian savannah, was 60% more than the loss in the Amazon in the last seven years. In total, 80,000 km² of land was devastated, against 50,000 km² in the Amazon.

 

The states of Maranhao, Tocantins, Piaui and Bahia accounted for 62% of the total lost, and it is precisely in this region that Brazilian agribusiness expands more, reaching the new frontier of Brazilian agribusiness - mainly dedicated to the production of soybeans, palm oil and livestock raising.

 

Deforestation in Brazil has affected not only the lives of animals but also the supply of fresh water - which helps to explain the recurring water crises that have occurred, such as the one that has left the Southeast water supply at risk in recent years. This is because the most

affected regions, in the Cerrado and Amazônia, are precisely those that have the main sources of the Brazilian hydrographic network.

 

According to the goals of the United Nations Biodiversity Convention, at least 17% of each country's ecosystems would need to be in protected areas for conservation. Brazil, which has the greatest biodiversity on the planet, is far from this number. Only 8% of the Cerrado is protected. In the Pantanal, only 2% of the areas are protected.

 

Of course it is positive to reduce government heaviness, but each case must be analyzed within its specialties. It is desirable that public agencies be lean, agile and less bureaucratic, but when someone denies the relevance of our own history and the importance of the environment for a better future, we become more than apprehensive and restless.

 

It is regrettable, above all, that the fox is not the most suitable guardian to care for the chicken coop.