Waste Expo Brasil will take place from
october 26th to 28th in São Paulo
The most complete commercial event in the country dedicated to Solid Waste Management will take place in the last week of October at Expo Center Norte and will help in the economic recovery of this gigantic industry, from collection to destination, including recycling, scrap processing, public cleaning, composting, waste to energy, treatment, transportation, and proper disposal.
Manufacturers of machinery, vehicles, and equipment, both national and from other countries, have ensured meetings with highly qualified and focused visitors from all over Brazil. The WEB, which is already known for being the main meeting point for the sector, will be marked this year by an “eye-to-eye” professional meeting.
After almost two years, WEB is back with all its strength, offering a complete and diversified show, with excellent technical content through seminars, courses, and forums, organized by experts and the main associations from the industry in Brazil.
How is the basic sanitation in Brazil?
Since the beginning of the 1980s and for almost three decades, there was no significant investment in basic sanitation in Brazil, which resulted in a huge deficit in practically all municipalities in the country.
A new reality has taken shape since the New Sanitation Regulatory Framework was announced in July 2020 and entered into force a year later, offering legal tools for public funding and a wide-ranging support to all municipal managers, accountable for the application, control and effectiveness of the infrastructure that guarantees quality of life, social and economic development of the population.
The Basic Sanitation Law affords that 99% of the Brazilian population must be supplied with drinking water and that 90% will receive sewage collection and treatment by 2033. With this scenario, investments up to R$ 800 billion are expected in the country over the next 12 years, according to the analyzes by ABCON - Brazilian Association of Private Concessionaires of Public Water and Sewage Services and the Brazilian National Basic Sanitation Plan.
The main activities of basic sanitation are the treatment and distribution of drinking water, collection and treatment of sewage, urban rainwater drainage and the solid waste collection and right destination.
Almost 100 companies from several countries
will exhibit at Waste Expo Brasil 2021
Global and national companies from different segments will join WEB this year, promote their brands and exhibit their products following all sanitary protocols, which will be strictly applied and strongly followed by specific technical teams to ensure confidence and harmony to all participants.
Come on in and check out the latest news, meet industry’s professionals, boost your connections and be part in the main Solid Waste event in Mercosur region.
Brazilian Supreme Federal Court Decides
to cancel Tax Credits from Recyclers
The SFC, in the judgment of Extraordinary Appeal, declared the unconstitutionality of articles 47 and 48 in Federal Law 11,196 from November 21st of 2005, resulting an abrupt tax credit break down by recyclers in the purchase of plastic, paper or cardboard, glass waste, ferrous or non-ferrous scrap.
In brief, the SFC decision requires the credit and payment of PIS/COFINS Tax, related to purchase and sale of recyclable goods, while canceling the respective exemptions in force for the last 15 years.
The Supreme Court decision did not take into account the reality of the sector in Brazil, available through dozens of documents published by private associations, non-governmental entities, such as the Inter-American Development Bank, and even government ones such as the IBGE – Brazilian Geography and Statistics Institute, who
point out that up to 50% of recyclable materials collection and its sale to recycling companies are carried out by individuals - collectors and waste pickers, who, obviously, do not issue invoices neither pay such taxes.
In other words, companies that buy recyclables in the gigantic informal market will not be credited in the purchase operations but will pay such taxes in the sale transaction to the transformation industry.
The decision to end up tax exemption that existed for 15 years will directly impact key recycling companies, which will certainly further reduce the already insignificant volume of recycled materials in Brazil, will rise environmental pollution, accelerate landfills’ life and will promote extraction of limited raw materials.
In addition, it is expected that more than 5,500 recycling companies that guarantee the direct and indirect employment of almost half a million people and more than 1 million recyclable material collectors will be impacted throughout the national territory.
Europe’s Countdown on Plastic Straws, Cups and Cotton Buds
Slowly but surely Europeans are saying goodbye to the throwaway culture, stepping up measures to meet EU guidelines on banning single-use plastics. In a first step required of EU Member States, single-use cutlery, plates, stirring sticks, balloon holders, straws and cotton buds, as well as polystyrene cups and boxes, will no longer be in circulation by 3 July 2021. From 2029 there is a 90% collection target for plastic bottles and such bottles will have to contain at least 25% recycled content by 2025.
Sustainable policies also extend to tobacco manufacturers, who must cut the plastic in their cigarette filters. Fishing gear is another target, with producers of fishing nets having to pay for the cost of recovering materials lost at sea.
Germans claim a leading role in setting a good example and take the ban seriously, however, in contrast, the UK has pushed back the date of when its single-use plastic ban will come into effect. It had been set to start in April but the government has delayed this by six months due to the coronavirus outbreak. Ironically, many consumers are turning to single-use plastic cutlery and dishware as a ‘safer’ alternative during the global pandemic. Nevertheless, reusable dishware is safe if properly washed, so personal safety and environmental safety can go hand in hand.
Solid Waste Sector Can Benefit from the
New Sanitation Legal Framework
Entrepreneurs are optimistic trusting in a 50% growth
With the sanction of the new legal framework for sanitation, Brazilian municipalities will be obliged to implement a specific collection method to fund urban cleaning and urban solid waste management services. Otherwise, municipal management will be unable to receive additional federal funds for this activity.
This is a rule that has existed since the promulgation of the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS) in 2010, but it was never put into practice. Now, businessmen in the sector are confident with the change in the legislation and estimate that it can mean a 50% growth in this market in two years, at the same time that it should bring positive environmental impacts such as a reduction in the amount of waste generated and an increase in recycling. .
For SELUR - National Public Cleaning Companies Association, the market growth occurs because, with the new framework, city halls will be able to delegate the service through a concession, with public and private companies competing on an equal footing in bidding processes. In the current model, city halls provide services directly or delegate them through specific contracts. "The change will cause nearby municipalities to come together in order to formulate a regionalized solution for waste management, giving the business greater financial viability", says Marcio Matheus, president of the entity. According to him, the resources will come from a specific source, such as a fee or tariff charged directly to the population, as well as water, electricity and gas services (commonly practiced in Brazil), putting into exercise the “polluter-pays principle”, recommended by the OECD, and unlinking the activity of the general budget of the municipality.
This measure will also contribute to the end of the more than three thousand landfills spread throughout Brazil. According to a survey by the Brazilian Association of Waste and Effluent Treatment Companies (ABETRE), the irregular disposal of waste can be solved with the construction of around 500 regional landfills, which would serve city blocks, at an investment of R$ 2.6 billion for cities that do not yet have landfills (just over R$ 60 per capita).
The 6th Largest Retail Group in Brazil, Magazine Luiza
To Operate 214 Stores Only with Solar Energy
The Magazine Luiza chain, the 6th largest retail chain in the country, with R$ 18.8 Billion revenue, 20,000 employees and more than 1,100 stores across the country, signed an energy supply contract to start next year.
The GreenYellow distributor company will supply solar energy to 214 stores on the rental model, providing 9307.1 MWh per year. The agreement was signed in the first quarter of this year, but the expectation is that the energy will be delivered from 2021 onwards. The chain's 214 stores will then operate 100% on a sustainable energy basis.
The retailer's initiative is not unprecedented, according to data from June of the Brazilian Association of Photovoltaic Solar Energy (Absolar), 39.5% of the solar energy consumed in the country already has the commerce and services sector. Recently, Nike also announced that its main logistics center started to generate 80% of its own energy demand. In operation since the first quarter, the solar plant of the distribution center in Louveira (SP) generates, on average, 100 thousand kWh per month. This is the greatest potential in a logistics enterprise in the country.
In the case of Magazine Luiza, however, the chosen model was the rental model, which means that the company will not install photovoltaic panels in its store park, but instead use the energy purchased from a partner, GreenYellow, a subsidiary of the French Casino Group. The company invested more than R$ 18 million in the plants that should supply energy for the new contract. The project will include the photovoltaic plants in the cities of Coroados and Riolândia, in the State of São Paulo, and Florestópolis, in Paraná State. Together, they have 4,861 KW of installed power, enough to supply 4,200 homes or 23,825 TVs per year, for example.
The retailer's decision follows trends in sustainable management from a financial and
environment. “The energy rental model is interesting for companies that have other core activities. Thus, they can focus their efforts on what is most important to the business, while even saving on energy”, says the executive president of Absolar, Rodrigo Sauaia. He explains that this type of energy has become cheaper over time. The advancement of technology, the increase in the scale of production and greater competitiveness among generators are some of the reasons that make this segment more interesting from a financial point of view. "From 2010 until now, solar energy has seen its price drop 86%, according to data from Bloomberg", says Sauaia.
Thus, in addition to the image gain that companies have when making ads of this type, there are prospects that investing in clean energy will provide better results in retailers' accounts. “While the solar gets cheaper year after year, the electric has readjustments above inflation. In 2021, we can still see an increase in the tariff in order to compensate for the adjustment that was not made this year ”, says the president of Absolar.
For the coordinator of the MBA in business management at Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV),
Ricardo Teixeira, the search for clean energy is a global trend. He believes that Brazil even has the chance to become one of the great suppliers of this good in the world. This is because the country has sunshine all year round, in addition to good winds and space for wind farms. He explains that creating an image of those who care about the planet is positive for companies, as it favors customers.
SOURCE: Talita Nascimento / Wellington Bahnemann, O Estado de São Paulo
A Modern Sorting and Recycling Plant Will be
Launched in the Brazilian Federal Capital
Occupying a total area of 80,000m², the Federal District is delivering to the population of Brasilia in August a modern recycling complex,
composed of two CTRs - Sorting and Recycling Centers, one for plastics and the other for glass, and a Commercialization Center, which results together almost 7,000m² of built area.
With investments in excess of R$ 53 million, the State Department of the Environment of the Federal District, through SLU - Urban Cleaning Service, provides for the employment of 750 people, most of whom are recyclable material collectors who worked in the Structural dump before conversion to landfill.
The CTRs will have high-speed mills, washers, dryers, agglutinators, extruders and granulators for the recovery and recycling of these types of waste generated by the population of the country’s capital, and the delivery of this space by the Department of the Environment is very relevant, because in addition from the environmental, social and financial gain, it will increase the useful life of the Samambaia landfill, the current destination of waste in the region.
Tailored Optical Sorting Solutions to Meet Your Needs
It is safe to say that billions of people come into contact daily with the technologies that Bühler offers to meet their basic needs for food and mobility.
It is estimated that 2 billion people per day consume food produced in a Bühler equipment, and 1 billion people use vehicles manufactured with parts produced in their machines.
With all this global relevance, Bühler's is in a unique position to transform global challenges into sustainable businesses.
With this purpose that Bühler renews with Waste Expo Brasil 2020 and will show brand’s optical sorting equipment lines for plastic processing and recycling that demand the highest standards of purity, precision and consistent performance.
Check out the SORTEX and SANMAK lines between 10 and 12 November at Waste Expo Brasil 2020.
Coca-Cola Moves to Recycle 100% of its PET Packaging
Coca-Cola's main independent bottler, Coca-Cola European Partners (CCEP), is progressing on its project to use 100% recycled PET in its packaging.
CCEP, in partnership with CuRe Technology, aims to eliminate completely the virgin fossil-based PET from its packaging at the beginning of the next decade. This means that more than 200,000 tons of virgin PET will be replaced by rPET (high quality recycled PET) each year.
The technology consists of applying a partial depolymerization process from start to finish, allowing the low quality PET bottle, opaque and difficult to recycle, to be converted into rPET, which can be safely used for food packaging in a continuous process within the same factory.
The partnership through CCEP's financial support to CuRe is in line with the strategic investments already made by The Coca-Cola Company to expand depolymerization technologies and make PET's circular economy a reality.
Depolymerization recycling technologies are complementary to the mechanical recycling processes currently used for PET recycling. But they also have the advantage of being able to recycle the worst quality PET, which currently cannot be recycled by mechanical means. This means that the worst quality PET is not recovered now and is sent for incineration or to landfill.
In this sense, these depolymerization technologies will contribute to significantly increase the supply of rPET. Favoring the transition to a circular economy of PET bottles.
In Western Europe, Coca-Cola works to eliminate virgin fossil-based PET in the future. Specifically, the company's forecasts point to 70% of its sources of materials from mechanical recycling, 25% of recycling by depolymerization and 5% of PET from renewable sources of plants. In time, all packagins will be 100% recyclable.
The open dumps in Brazil are near the end at the same time recycling rates are expected to increase with the new sanitation legal framework
Ten years after the launch of the National Solid Waste Plan (PNRS), President Jair Bolsonaro signed on July 15th the new regulatory framework for sanitation, which establishes basic sanitation goals with investments that can exceed R$ 700 billion in ten years, stimulates private involvement, and, finally, opens the way for Brazil to close open dumps.
There are many laws that prohibit dumps in Brazil, but mayors have always claimed that they do not have the resources to solve the problem and carry out proper waste management in their municipalities.
However, the new Sanitation Law establishes new deadlines for city halls to promote the appropriate disposal of the waste and, most importantly, it provides legal instruments for managers to finance these operations, such as the creation of a specific rate for Urban Solid Waste. The intention is that the collection and handling services of MSW are equal to those of water supply and sewage treatment, with a specific fee to be charged to the waste generator citizen.
Therefore, Brazilians, that are already used to pay for the water they consume in their homes, will also need to get used to pay for the municipality to collect, treat and properly dispose the garbage they produce, since by the new Law, all municipalities until the last day of 2020, must present a plan on how they intend to collect the “MSW tax” from the city’s residents.
Also, by the new rule, in August 2021 the deadline for all State capitals and cities in the metropolitan areas to resolve the appropriate destination of the waste. After that, the deadline for municipalities with more than 100 thousand inhabitants will be in August of the following year. In 2023, for municipalities with a population between 50 thousand and 100 thousand. And in 2024, for those with less than 50 thousand inhabitants.
In other words, the almost 3,000 open-air garbage dumps that still exist in the country, polluting the air, water, soil, and attracting vectors that spread diseases, should be eradicated in 4 years with the implementation of the new Law.
The solid waste management market has a turnover of R$ 28 billion per year and employs almost 350 thousand people in Brazil, but the expectation with the new Sanitation Law is 50% growth in the next two years with the promise of increasing opportunities for private companies.
The tendency is for a series of environmental benefits to occur, mainly due to the change in the behavior of the population, such as the reduction in the amount of waste generated - since the citizen will pay for what he produces, the correct destination growth and consequent open dumps extinction, in addition to an exponential increase in all kind recycling rates.
According to experiences in other countries, such as the USA, and in Brazilian cities that already applied MSW taxes, such as Joinville, Curitiba and Caxias do Sul, cities started to generate 50% less waste and saw recycling increase by 40%.
Johnnie Walker to have paper bottle in 2021
Companies around the world are pursuing alternatives for more sustainable packaging, and amid these discussions, the beverage giant Diageo said whiskey Johnnie Walker will hit the market in paper bottles in early 2021.
The new packaging will be produced with sustainable cellulose and expected to be fully recyclable.
To produce these new bottles, Diageo will launch, in partnership with the Pilot Lite group, a new company called Pulpex, which will also produce packaging for Pepsico and Unilever.
SUTCO GmbH will Show Complete Systems for Waste Treatment
and Recycling at Waste Expo Brasil
Sutco RecyclingTechnik GmbH is one of the world's largest and most successful manufacturers of waste treatment and sorting systems.
Located in the city of Bergisch Gladbach, northern Germany, Sutco has been active in environmental protection and recycling of solid urban waste for 36 years. With extensive experience, the company has already set up more than 480 treatment and recycling plants in various countries, and has diverse expertise in mechanical and biological treatment of MSW, composting processes, selective packaging collection, industrial and commercial waste, construction waste, ash incineration and WtE – Waste to Energy.
Sutco has been stablished in Brazil since 2013 and is a confirmed exhibitor at Waste Expo Brasil 2020.
Job boost expected from $600m recycling scheme as 2024 export ban looms
Up to 10,000 new jobs are expected to be generated through an AU$ 600 million waste recycling stimulus schemes from government and industry.
The new funding will increase Australia's processing capacity ahead of a deadline set by the Council of Australian Governments, which agreed last August to ban exports of unprocessed waste in 2024.
The federal government will contribute AU$ 190 million into a fund expected to attract more than AU$ 600 million in total – with a further AU$ 190 million scheduled to come from state governments and about AU$ 200 million from the recycling industry.
The investment will go into new infrastructure to sort, process and reuse materials.
Federal Environment Minister Sussan Ley said the initiative would generate up to 10,000 jobs in building waste processing plants and the additional staff needed to operate them.
“As we cease shipping our waste overseas, the waste and recycling transformation will reshape our domestic waste industry, driving job creation and putting valuable materials back into the economy,” Ms. Ley said in comments released on Monday.
The imminent ban won't stop all exports but is targeted at halting shipments of dangerous materials.
According to a COAG statement, "the ban will ensure that any exported material is a high-value resource which is safe for human health and the environment in receiving countries".
Australians generate about 67 million tons of waste each year.
In 2018-19, 4.4 million tons of this waste was exported, including 1.4 million tons of plastic, paper, glass and tires valued at about $290 million.
However, in 2018 China, Australia's major export destination for waste recycling, announced a major crackdown on its volume of waste imports. Several major import nations are following its lead, with India, Taiwan, Malaysia and Thailand announcing or foreshadowing similar restrictions.
Australia currently recycles 12 per cent of its plastics and the rest goes into landfill.
The chief executive of plastic and steel recycling company Pact Group, Sanjay Dayal, said the new investment would "absolutely" generate new jobs.
"For every 10,000 tons of landfill there are three people involved in processing. If you convert that to recycled, processed material, you will have 10 jobs," Mr. Dayal said.
The coronavirus delayed the roll out of the bans, but Pact Group, which has facilities across the country, still planning to invest AU$ 120 million to expand its business, including an AU$ 40 million plant in Melbourne.
The Sydney Morning Herald
Vermont Becomes the First US State to Ban Food Scraps in Trash to Eliminate Waste and Combat Climate Change
Residents and businesses in Vermont are no longer allowed to throw food scraps - things like leftovers, plate scrapings, peels, cores and seeds - into their trash cans.
Vermont became the first state in the nation to enact a food waste ban on July 1. According to the state's website: "If it was once part of something alive, like a plant or animal, it does not belong in the landfill." The rule applies to individuals and businesses, including restaurants and supermarkets.
Instead, Vermonters are encouraged to compost, feed food scraps to chickens and other livestock, isolate the waste for trash pickup, or take it to a designated drop off site.
Removing food scraps from the trash frees up space in landfills and is critical to fighting global warming that drives climate change, according to Anne Bijur, environmental analyst with Vermont's Department of Environmental Conservation.
"We only have one working landfill in Vermont so that landfill space is limited, and we’d like to save it for the materials that have nowhere else to go," Bijur told weather.com in a phone interview Tuesday. "When organic materials, food or plants, get into a landfill they give off methane which is a very powerful greenhouse gas, so we’re trying to reduce greenhouse gas emissions."
The average U.S. household wastes 31.9% of the food it buys, according to research by Penn State University published in January. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has estimated the nationwide total at about 219 pounds per person, per year. And the waste is even greater when you add in what retailers throw away. In 2010 food loss and waste totaled 31 percent of the U.S. food supply, or about 133 billion pounds at a cost of $162 billion, according to the USDA.
In Vermont alone, about 20% of all waste in landfills comes from food, Bijur said.
The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations estimates that food produced and not eaten generates about 3.3 gigatons of greenhouse gases each year worldwide. If food scraps were a country, they would be the largest producer of greenhouse gases behind the U.S. and China, according to the FAO.
Composting greatly lessens the impact because food decomposes in a different way in landfills. Food in composting piles is exposed to more oxygen, which blocks methane.
“When you’re composting at home there’s oxygen that gets into the process," Bijur said. "But when you put food scraps in a landfill they get packed down and it turns into an anaerobic process so there’s no oxygen, so chemically it changes and that’s when methane is released."
The food waste ban is the final phase of Vermont's universal recycling law, passed in 2012. Phasing in gave large producers like restaurants and retail outlets time to set up processes and infrastructure to comply.
Bijur said the rule is similar in concept to recycling plastic or glass.
“The food contains valuable nutrients that are good for the soil so why not keep them in our soil," she said.
Vermont officials hope the ban will make food producers and consumers think twice about the amount of food they let go to waste.
SOURCE: Jan Wesner Childs, weather.com